Protect Yourself Against Fire
Fires in homes are a serious issue. Often fatal fires are the result of not having a working smoke alarm or carbon monoxide detector. You can prevent fires through a few simple steps. Make sure you have a properly working smoke detector and carbon monoxide alarm, and change the batteries in each device at least once a year. Plan and practice a family escape route. Learn how to use your fire extinguisher and, if your clothes catch on fire, remember to: Stop, Drop and Roll.
If you are evacuating a burning building, don't go through doors with hot handles. Leave your house and call for help. Do not go back to help someone else.
Burns are a common injury and can occur from a household cleaning product or the sun. The severity of a burn varies by degrees. There are three types of burns: first degree, second degree, and third degree. If you don't know the severity of the burn, call 911 or seek medical treatment. The following are the most common causes of burns:
Preventing Burns: You can prevent burns by -
- Using potholders when handling hot pots and pans.
- Being careful when frying foods.
- Keeping chemicals out of the reach of children and unplugging household appliances not in use.
- Making sure your electrical sockets are covered and keeping kids away from the stove or fireplace.
- Making sure to use and reapply sunscreen when spending time in the sun. It's best to prevent direct exposure to the sun when possible.
Treating Burns: If you or a loved one gets a burn, follow these steps -
- For minor burns, you should use a cool compress, cover the burn with a non-stick dressing, and take an over-the-counter pain reliever.
- For major burns, you should call 911, make sure the victim is not in contact with the burn source, and check for responsiveness and breathing. If the victim is not breathing, begin CPR.